Critically endangered Blue-throated Macaw-Info-11th Feb 2018

Critically endangered Blue-throated Macaw-Info-11th Feb 2018

Blue-throated Macaw or Caninde Macaw or Wagler’s Macaw (Ara glaucogularis; previously Ara caninde) endemic to a small area of north-central Bolivia. El Beni, central Bolivia, where there is a small remnant population east of upper Rio Mamore in Llanos de Mojos; up to 300m. The estimated population of this species in the wild is as low as 350-400 individuals. It is red listed by IUCN as a critically endangered species. Blue-Throated Macaw is about 85 cm (33 in) long including the length of its tail feathers. It has a wingspan of approximately three feet or 0.9 m. It weighs about 900 g (32 oz) to 1,100 g (39 oz), and has a wingspan of 350-363mm. There is little easily observable sexual dimorphism; however, males tend to be a little bigger than the females with approximate masses of 750 g and 950 g respectively. Upper parts are turquoise-blue, slightly duller on crown and brighter on rump. Under parts largely bright yellow but the vent is pale blue. It has bare facial patch obscured by blue feather-lines merging into blue lower cheek and throat, separated from crown by narrow yellow stripe and bare pink skin around base of the large, black bill. On the face there is a sparsely feathered patch of skin near the base of the large dark-colored bill that has 5 or 6 horizontal stripes of blue feathers which are unique for every Blue-throated Macaw and can be used to individually identify adults.
The clutch size varies from two to four eggs with incubation taking 26 days beginning soon after the first egg is laid. Parent-raised chicks begin to fledge after 12 weeks. Hand-reared chicks may take longer to become independent. Blue-throated Macaws do not eat seeds and nuts to the same extent as many other Macaw species do. Instead, they eat primarily fruit from large palms. The palm species Attalea phalerata is the most predominant source, but they also eat from Acrocomia aculeata and Mauritia fleuxosa. Macaws eat the mesocarp from ripe and nearly ripe fruit and have also been observed drinking the liquid from very immature fruit. Shuka Vana hosts three human friendly Blue-Throated Macaws with pet names Yogi, Vallabha, and Leo. Life expectancy of this bird is 50-60 years. All three birds enjoy spending time outside its enclosures interacting with other birds, flight and chewing twigs.




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