Yellow-Headed Amazon or Yellow-Headed Parrot or Double Yellow-Headed Amazon [Amazona ochrocephala oratrix (Ridgway] is native to Mexico and northern Central America. Yellow-Headed Amazon measures about 38-43 cm (15-17 in) in length and weighs about 500g (17.5oz). Adult’s entire head and throat is yellow; bend of wing is pale red intermixed with yellow; carpal edge and thighs are yellow; bill horn-colored tinged with grey towards base of upper mandible. Immatures head entirely green except for a patch of yellow on forehead; bend of wing is green; carpal edge is yellowish-green. The variety “Magna” (or “Magnum”) is bred for more yellow. Some “extreme” Magnas have as much yellow as Tres Marías birds, but are distinguished from them by heavier barring on the chest and a less bluish tint to the green plumage. Except for yellow extent on head Magnum Yellow-Headed Amazon is similar to that of Double Yellow-headed Amazon. Wild birds give low-pitched, sometimes human-sounding screams, but often fly silently (unlike many other parrots). Raucous screaming and deep, rolling vocalizations; hoarse calls are observed from this species. The calls can be described as “a rolled kyaa-aa-aaah and krra-aah-aa-ow, a deep, rolled ahrrrr or ahrhrrrr,” etc. Young birds make a “clucking” sound to indicate that they are hungry. In their natural habitat, Amazon parrots feed on various fruits and seeds, including the fruits of many species of palm trees, oranges and other edible fruits, poison wood berries, and West Indian mahogany (Swietenia mahagoni) seeds. They are sometimes a nuisance to local farmers. Double Yellow-headed Amazon is IUCN Red Listed endangered species with a life expectancy of 35-40 years.
Amazons are known for their talking or mimicking capability. Their talking or imitating human speech is directly connected with imprinting. Acoustical stimuli absorbed during this sensitive phase are learned and can later be reproduced. In parrots this learning period is not precisely fixed, hence even with increasing age learning can take place, though not as intensively as during youth. Hence, most of the human friendly birds that can mimic, are trained accordingly. Shuka Vana hosts six Yellow-Headed Amazons, four among them are human friendly. Vyasa has good mimicking capability. Vyasa likes to spend time outside the cage. Vyasa is a human friendly bird and has selected its compatible partner from the group. Friendly bonding and acceptance of other birds is gradually introduced to all birds at Shuka Vana without stressing them out with a positive friendly approach. Human friendly Double Yellow-headed Amazon mimic few words like Rama, Datta, Hello, Jaya Guru Datta, and Appaji. Two Magnum Yellow-Headed Amazons, Varam and Megha are hosted at Shuka Vana. Both birds have an amazing mimicking capability. Both birds spend most of the time outside the cage and with Sri Swamiji. They can say phrases and can mimic around 20 different words. They can even sing few of Sri Swamiji’s bhajans in exactly with the same rhythm songs are tuned for.